Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each and every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much are you aware about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England plus the royal court for the lyrics with their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration of this nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the very first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost needed to get back her dowry, however a King could not spend money—or alliances that are european. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry ended up being away in France. However when she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long term Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a child. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish an intend to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated his affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control no matter what often times we knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. More over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that is the wedding which was null. Complicated, we all know. Due to the fact track indicates, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being provided for a “nun-ry” but ultimately relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been truly the only wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs between your King along with his Queen’s feamales www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWV6p1LZG0U in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their former mistress, at that. Anne was raised during the court of this Queen of France before going back home to England to participate the royal court.
Anne Boleyn is usually depicted because the devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly provided delivery to a lady, the long term Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing a real method to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him as he ended up being hitched to Catherine. Anne possibly flirted with a few men “just to create him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded in the Tower of London on May 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane provided delivery to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away two weeks later on of postnatal problems. Jane can be regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could disappear completely. as she actually is really the only spouse Henry freely mourned and also the just one to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most like an electric ballad—even” Henry VIII had been ultimately hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her sis, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She revealed a general not enough elegance, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it back at my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the king made excuses for their displeasure together with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there clearly was not a way she had been a virgin if they wed. Issued an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit aided by the King and frequently visited court through the reigns of this last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, ended up being very long the thing of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She ended up being molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he ended up being 36 ( maybe perhaps not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she moved along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that will visited haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her towards the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master ended up being 49 years of age as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham ended up being quartered and drawn). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, had been buried within an grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant fear of her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous had been widowed both in situations. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the optical attention of this King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
By the right time she wed Henry, he was 52 as well as in sick wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by becoming a mom to his three kiddies: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. This woman is the person who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they’d can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been the very first queen of England and Ireland; she had been additionally the queen most abundant in diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and ended up being the first Queen of England to do this. That she“fought for feminine education. so that it’s true” Before Henry VIII died 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She stepped down from the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the main one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.